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"HIV Vaccine Target"Image by Veronica Falconieri Hays (visit gallery »)
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TitleHIV Vaccine Target Contact
»Veronica Falconieri Hays DescriptionSpecialized spikes (envelope glycoproteins, Env, colored orange, red, and yellow), stand out on the surface of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The spikes allow HIV to attach to CD4 and CCR5 proteins (blue, purple) on human immune cells. Researchers are developing versions of Env for vaccines, so that the immune system will recognize and combat the real spikes on invading viruses if a person is exposed to HIV. Sanders et al., HIVís Achille's Heel. Scientific American 315(6): 53. Keywordsmolecular, molecular biology, MoA, mechanism of action, drug, PDB, protein, immunology, immunodeficiency, immune system, immunity, virus, HIV, virion, CD4, CCR5, Tcell, T cell, immune cell, glycosylation, structural biology, cell surface, cell membrane, lipid bilayer, human immunodeficiency virus, 3D Media Color Categories Medical, Science Subject(s) Histology, Human, Microscopic, Molecular, Pharmaceutical, Advertising, Editorial Medical Illustration